What is Artificial Intelligence and How Does it Function?

This article explains what Artificial Intelligence (AI) is and how it works. It covers topics such as machine learning, deep learning, neural networks, expert systems, natural language processing, voice recognition and computer vision.

What is Artificial Intelligence and How Does it Function?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a term used to describe computer programs that are designed to mimic aspects of human intelligence. This includes tasks such as recommending books to read based on past purchases, or a robotic vacuum cleaner that has a basic understanding of its environment. AI is the simulation of human intelligence processes using machines, particularly computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, voice recognition, and computer vision.

A subset of artificial intelligence is machine learning (ML), which refers to the concept that computer programs can automatically learn from new data and adapt to it without the help of humans. Reactive AI is software designed to respond to external stimuli. The ideal characteristic of artificial intelligence is its ability to streamline and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal. The first conference on AI was sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and attended by 10 leading figures in this field, including AI pioneers Marvin Minsky, Oliver Selfridge and John McCarthy, who is credited with coining the term artificial intelligence.

Examples of machines with artificial intelligence are computers that play chess and autonomous cars. There is a possibility that AI systems will replace a significant part of the modern workforce in the near future. Algorithms play an important role in the structure of artificial intelligence, where simple algorithms are used in simple applications, while more complex ones help create robust artificial intelligence. Since its inception, AI has been subject to scrutiny by both scientists and the public.

There is an ambition to create AI with a wider range of abilities, known as artificial general intelligence (AGI), that can perform any task that the human brain can perform. Like “big data”, artificial intelligence is a generic term for things like machine learning, deep learning and neural networks. AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence using software-encoded heuristics. Artificial superintelligence (ASI) is a system that would not only shake humanity to the core, but could also destroy it.

The achievement of artificial general intelligence was elusive, not imminent, due to limitations in computer processing and memory and the complexity of the problem.